Wyoming Map, Capital, Universities, History, Population, Facts

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Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous and the second least densely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho. The state population was estimated at 586,107 in 2015, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including neighboring Denver. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with population estimated at 63,335 in 2015.

The western two-thirds of the state is covered mostly by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains. Almost half of the land in Wyoming is owned by the U.S. government, leading Wyoming to rank sixth by area and fifth by proportion of a state’s land owned by the federal government. Federal lands include two national parks—Grand Teton and Yellowstone—two national recreation areas, two national monuments, several national forests, historic sites, fish hatcheries, and wildlife refuges.

Original inhabitants of the region include the Crow, Arapaho, Lakota, and Shoshone. Southwestern Wyoming was in the Spanish Empire and then Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War. The region acquired the name Wyoming when a bill was introduced to the U.S. Congress in 1865 to provide a “temporary government for the territory of Wyoming”. The name was used earlier for the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, and is derived from the Munseeword, meaning “at the big river flat”.

State of Wyoming
 Flag of Wyoming  State seal of Wyoming
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Equality State (official);
Cowboy State; Big Wyoming
Motto(s): Equal Rights
 Map of the United States with Wyoming highlighted
Official language English
Demonym Wyomingite
(and largest city)
Largest metro Cheyenne Metro Area
Area Ranked 10th
 • Total 97,914 sq mi
(253,600 km2)
 • Width 372.8 miles (600 km)
 • Length 280 miles (452 km)
 • % water 0.7
 • Latitude 41°N to 45°N
 • Longitude 104°3’W to 111°3’W
Population Ranked 50th
 • Total 585,501 (2016 est.)
 • Density 5.97/sq mi  (2.31/km2)
Ranked 49th
 • Median household income $60,925 (15th)
 • Highest point Gannett Peak
13,809 ft (4209.1 m)
 • Mean 6,700 ft  (2040 m)
 • Lowest point Belle Fourche River at South Dakota border
3,101 ft (945 m)
Before statehood Wyoming Territory
Admission to Union July 10, 1890 (44th)
Governor Matt Mead (R)
Secretary of State Ed Murray (R)
Legislature Wyoming Legislature
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Mike Enzi (R)
John Barrasso (R)
U.S. House delegation Liz Cheney (R) (list)
Time zone Mountain: UTC -7/-6
ISO 3166 US-WY
Abbreviations WY, Wyo.


Wyoming state symbols
Flag of Wyoming.svg

The Flag of Wyoming

Seal of Wyoming.svg

The Seal of Wyoming

Living insignia
Bird Western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
Fish Cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki)
Flower Wyoming Indian paintbrush(Castilleja linariifolia)
Grass Western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii)
Mammal American bison (Bison bison)
Reptile Horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglassi brevirostre)
Tree Plains cottonwood (Populus sargentii)
Inanimate insignia
Dinosaur Triceratops
Fossil Knightia
Mineral Nephrite
Motto Equal Rights
Soil Forkwood (unofficial)
Song “Wyoming” by Charles E. Winter & George E. Knapp
State route marker
 Wyoming state route marker
State quarter

Wyoming quarter dollar coin

Released in 2007



Public education is directed by the state superintendent of public instruction, an elected state official. Educational policies are set by the State Board of Education, a nine-member board appointed by the governor. The constitution prohibits the state from establishing curriculum and textbook selections; these are the prerogatives of local school boards. The Wyoming School for the Deaf was the only in-state school dedicated to supporting deaf students in Wyoming, but it closed in the summer of 2000.

Higher education

Wyoming has one public four-year institution, the University of Wyoming in Laramie and one private four-year college, Wyoming Catholic College, in Lander, Wyoming. In addition, there are seven two-year community colleges spread throughout the state.

Before the passing of a new law in 2006, Wyoming had hosted unaccredited institutions, many of them suspected diploma mills. The 2006 law is forcing unaccredited institutions to make one of three choices: move out of Wyoming, close down, or apply for accreditation. The Oregon State Office of Degree Authorization predicts that in a few years the problem of diploma mills in Wyoming might be resolved.

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